Home pageKEYWORD_1The country and its peopleKEYWORD_1South Korea country

Overview of the Korean nation
Date: 04/07/2014

1. Introducing


South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, is a Northeast Asian country occupies the southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering Tien.Pha North Korean People's Democratic Republic of Korea; east borders the South China Sea (sea of ​​Japan), south and east borders the Strait separates North Korea-South Korea-Japan and the Yellow Sea to the west.


South Korea has a total area of ​​99.268 km ²-including countless small islands off the coast of southern and tay.Dao This is the largest of Cheju Island (1845 km ²). Born in South Korea in 1948 after War second world divided Korean peninsula into two: the south with the presence of U.S. troops and Soviet exploitation northern quan.Trong Korea during the '50s arose from the remnants pile-effect of the National war with the north-to become the largest economy in the world in 1990.Thu capital, is also the largest city of South Korea-Seoul.


2. Land and Resources


The terrain is mostly mountains of Korea is mountainous folds ghenh.Day T `aebaek-sanmaek, running north to south parallel to the coast of South Korea's highest dong.Dinh is Halla-san, 1,950 meters high located on the island cheju.Dong by only representing less than 1/5 of the total area and is concentrated in the coastal areas tay.Dong coastal plain in the east and south just a hep.Tru tract east coast road coast of the divided Korean wave cao.Hai circuit with the largest Korean life, Naktong river and Han River are derived from the sequence T `aebaek-sanmaek.Song Naktong south and flows down the Korea Strait in the Han river, which runs north and down the bay Royal hai.Nhung other major rivers include Keum river, Yeong-san and Tongjin.


A. Climate


Basically HQ has a continental climate with cold winters and dry hot summers Seoul am.O average January temperature ranged between -7 to 10 C and an average July temperature ranged from 22C to draw 29 C.Vao higher winter temperatures along the southern coast and in the lower lot behind the hills in the land lien.Luong average annual rainfall is 1370 mm in Seoul and Pusan ​​in 1470 is mm.Luong rainy summer months (June to 9). region south coast usually in late summer storms with strong winds and heavy rain.


B. The plant


The winter-deciduous forest and the trees have overlapping cones covered 3/4 of the territory of South Quoc.Tuy natural forests increasingly narrow dot.Cac demand quality plants mainly include communication, love, swings, sugar, fir and poplar leaves rung.Vung southern coastal climate cool with bamboo plants, species soi.Nhung laurel and large mammals such as tiger, leopard, bears and wild cats which have a large number throughout the Korean peninsula, but now they have disappeared gradually in Korea due to deforestation and poaching.


C. Mineral Resources


Unlike the northern, relatively poor in mineral HQ san.Tai HQ is a major cause of coal (mostly anthracite coal), iron ore and graphit.Ngoai There are gold, silver copper, lead, tungsten, zinc and uranium. There are many limestone in Korea


D. Environment


The process of rapid urbanization and population growth poses immediate threat to South Quoc.La highly industrialized countries, Korea has a very high carbon dioxide emissions: 9 tonnes / capita per year. air pollution affects human health and the Seoul city khac.Nan deforestation and urban development have made shrinking natural habitat of the animals, so the survival of many species of large mammals on the Korean peninsula doa.Trong the endangered animals live in South Korea, 26 species are on the brink trung.Cac wonderful sanctuary for around 7% of South Korea (1997) with more than a dozen home park quo.


South Korea has ratified international conventions on the protection of biodiversity, animal species endangered eggs, tropical forests, and national stories ozon.Han also signed treaties to limit waste toxic, limiting pollution of the marine environment and desertification.