Home pageKEYWORD_1Korean Education

South Korea decided to learn more victims wiped night
Date: 03/07/2014

Six staff at the central government office in a Wednesday night, patrolling preparation. Their mission is very special: to detect and prevent students still in school after 10pm.

Learn more issues of South Korea has become serious. To reduce the accident "addiction" more private school after attending classes (called hagwon), officials began ordering "curfew", even reward people who denounce violations.

The patrol staff start their working day is quite relaxing. They drink tea in the office. Mr. Cha Byoung-chul, an official is currently in the middle of Gangnam district office of education, the city of Seoul, is the leader. He said that once the team has ten pupils found hiding on roof at about 11pm. "There is no other place to hide," he recalls. During the night, he had to reassure them: "I told them that the hagwon has violated the law, not the children and the children can go home."

Father smokes in the car park. Like any person seeking to abolish the tradition has been for centuries, he did not hurry. "We do not go right week 10pm. Every to about 20 minutes. Thus they will no longer have any reason to excuse anymore."

Finally patrol car and proceed to Deachi-dong district of Seoul has many hagwon. Parents filled the streets to welcome students. The inspector walk on the sidewalk, watching the floor where there are more classes and find out where other lights.

By 11 am, they began to go on a small street just because you believe points. They are a shabby building, on the second floor. Female staff patrol called gates. A small voice replied: "Wait a minute". Inspection team looked at each other. "Wait a minute" is problematic. Mr. Cha things down a lift block. Session "arrest" started.

The control of hagwon is part of the goal culture dominates education "slave" of South Korea. At the national level, as well as local politicians are changing the policy of inspection and examination as well as schools and universities to reduce pressure on students and enhance the quality of more flexible as creativity. President Lee Myung-bak took office in a speech in 2008 declared: "A training program stereotyping, stuffing and an education geared towards university entrance exams is not acceptable" .

But cramming rooted in Asian education. The high point is often the only factor that is considered important for success in their careers. Chinese parents hire tutors for their children from the 7th century. Contemporary South Korea is an example of that competition has reached new levels. In 2010, there were 74% more students in school, with an average cost of $ 2,600 per person per year. In Korea there are many tutors and teachers more than formal teacher. The most famous person can earn millions of dollars a year from more classes and lectures online.

In Seoul, the college students will spend the sliding year after graduating to more classes to improve your score on the exam university. Even students who also have to compete with each other to the hub. Deasung renowned center admission test scores based on the university and only 14% of children are in school apply here. After a year with classes lasting 14 hours each day, about 70% will get into one of the three most prestigious universities nationwide.

For other countries, the academic achievement of Korean admirable. Students here have better results than most other countries in literacy and numeracy. U.S. President Barack Obama and his education minister praised the dedication of Korean parents towards the education of girls now, and complained that American students are lagging behind.

Without education draconian, South Korea can not become an economic powerhouse now. However, the leaders of this country are concerned that economic growth will slow down if not many more inventions, and the birth rate will continue to decline as families suffer financial pressure due expensive education.

"The United States respects only see the bright side of the Korean education system," Education Minister Lee Ju-ho said. "The Korean re not happy about it."

South Korea is not the only country not happy with the national education system. Across Asia, reformers are trying innovative schools. In China, the university began to change in the first test to select students who are most likely to follow the book rather than rote learning.

For years the South Korean government has not stopped efforts to reform the education system - simplifying the recruitment test, limiting the hagwon, even go to hagwon operating ban in the 1980s. But each time, learn more victims back stronger due to Korean students to study for their mounds to be one of the most prestigious universities of the country.

This time, however, the government announced plans to reform will focus on the root of the problem. South Korea is trying to improve the public school system by assessing the quality of teachers and principals. The entrance exam for high school language was removed. About 500 officers were assigned admission to universities, to review the results of the contestants not only test scores but also on the ability of each child.

No one to protect the status quo of education in Korea. "In addition to the sleep out, all I do is what we learned," one student said. This is absolutely not exaggerating. Timeline normal learning began at 8 am and ended about 1 hour from 10pm to night, depending on each child's efforts. I can not resist the relentless pressure from the family and from the other students, the school until they collapsed due to fatigue. Another student said: "I feel hurt seeing classmates compete instead of helping each other."

Parents are the primary driving force of this race, and they are also the most difficult to change. Yoon Hee Han, an English teacher at Jeong Bal High School, said: "I have advised them to stop studying at hagwon and focus on school. But their parents are very anxious to see their children do not learn more in the evening. They look the other students are in school more. They have to compete with each other ".

Amount spent on learning more fell 3.5% in 2010, the first time since the government began recording the data in 2007. However, South Korea is spending 2% of GDP for learning more . Andrew Kim, a very successful teacher in Megastudy, South Korea's largest hagwon, said he earned $ 4 million last year thanks to the class lectures and online. He admits that this system is not ideal, but so far he has yet to see the reforms affecting the source of their income. "The hardening measures, the learning center as more sustainable." For example, to deal with the government's curfew, many hagwon gave lectures online so students can buy and learn at home.

Some hagwon remain regardless of the law, continued to operate after curfew, sometimes disguised form. During night patrols his father in Daechi-dong, after opening the door, they saw in the reading room of 40 students sit in separate cells. In theory, this is not a hagwon which is a library after hours formal study. These libraries are allowed to open after 10pm. However, the inspectors suspect this is a camouflaged hagwon. The students are learning the same post, and there are a few who seem to be great teachers.

One of them denied the breach: "We have not taught in school here." But his father did not believe: "In the past I have allowed this reason, but many people have told us about this place. Everyone knows you're the illegal activities here. "

Then patrols continue to study some other libraries but did not see any violations. Around midnight, the group began to inspect the house.

That day, they had "liberated" the 40 pupils in total 4 million children in South Korea.

Customs UK (according to Time)

Related Articles